HOME

2-4-0 TENDER ENGINES

Works
List
Class/
Series
Wheels
diam.
Boiler
diam.

Built
Ivatt
Class
Sharp Stewart 251-60 6'-0" 4'-1" 1866 -
Reboilered
4'-1" to 4'-0½"
  " 4'-0½" 1870s -
Reboilered
4'-0½" to 4'-2½"
  " 4'-2½" 1885-95 E5
           
H 261-62 6'-7" 4'-0½" 1871 -
Avonside (as H) 280-89 " 4'-0½" 1867-68 -
Yorkshire E. Co. (as H) 290-99 " " 1868 -
Reboilered
4'-0½" to 4'-2½"
  " 4'-2½" 1880-95 E3
Reboilered
4'-2½" to 4'-5"
  " 4'-5" 1899 E4
           
H2 86 etc " 4'-0½" 1874-79 -
Reboilered
4'-0½" to 4'-2½"
  " 4'-2½" 1886-95 E2
H3 223 etc " " 1880-81 E2
H3 78 etc " " 1882-83 "
H3 Kitson 701-06 " " 1883 "
H4 Kitson 707-15 " " 1884 "
H4 751 etc " " 1884-87 "
H5 210 etc " " 1888-95 "
H6 1061-70 " 4'-5" 1897 E1
Reboilered
4'-2½" to 4'-5"
  " 4'-5" 1898-1911 E1

STIRLING REBUILDS
OF STUROCK ENGINES

Nos. 216/17

5ft-6n wheels, cyls 16½in x 22in.  Nos. 216/17 (E B Wilson, 1854) were purchased from the contractors working on the Oxford, Worcester & Wolverhampton Rly.

Fig. 23
No. 216 as built.

They were reconditioned by Stirling, but were withdrawn in the mid- 'eighties.

No. 251 CLASS
SHARP STEWART

General Plan dwg Q10 (originally 17A) issued (22/3/1865) Coupled passenger engines 251 - 260 (Sharps),
        General Plan dwg Q35 issued (22/9/1874) for 251-60.

Stirling rebuilt Nos. 251-60 around the 1870s.  The only rebuilding dates that have survived are for Nos. 258/59 which were 12/1877 and 12/1876.  Stirling rebuilt them again with larger boilers from 1885 onwards.

Fig. 32
No. 251 as built
Fig. 57
No. 259 with large Stirling boiler
fitted 2/1896

The engines were withdrawn 1897-1900, the last to go being No. 258 (October 1902).

STIRLING

No. 280 CLASS
AVONSIDE & YORKSHIRE ENGINE CO.
IVATT CLASS E3

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 24in, Gresley Dgm 4A boiler

Cylinders dwg M19 (4/12/1866)
Slidebars & Crosshead dwg L6 (2/1/1867)
Frames dwg O5 (1/1867)
Coupling Rods dwg S9 (7/1/1867)
Connecting Rods dwg S11 (18/1/1867)
4ft and 6ft Wheels dwg T23 (4/2/1867)
Valve motion details dwg K11 (11/2/1867)
Piston & Cylinder covers dwg M21 (22/2/1867)
Bottom corners of Firebox dwg N 20 (27/2/1867)
Firebox roof stays dwg N21 (2/4/1867)
Chimney dwg I24 (6/4/1867)
Blast pipe dwg I25 (6/4/1867)
General Arrangement Mountings & Firebox dwg Q17 (10/5/1867)
Smokebox details dwg I26 (10/1867)

Nos. 280-89 were built by Avonside (10/1867-4/1868) and Nos. 290-99 by Yorkshire Engine Co. (6/1868-10/1868)

Fig. 36
No. 281 with later Stirling cab

These were the first Stirling engines, along with the 474 Class 0-6-0s, the first representatives of these classes (all contractor-built) appearing October 1867.  They were followed by the first Doncaster-built engines, 18 Class 0-4-2s (January 1868) and No. 6 Class 2-2-2s (March 1868).  The early engines had Glasgow & South Western Railway style cabs with port-hole side windows. They were disliked by the GN enginemen as it made it difficult (and perhaps dangerous) looking back the full length of the moving train to ensure all was in order, there being no continuous vacuum brake in those days.  The solution was the typical wrap-over cab with a cut out providing an arm rest for the enginemen as they looked back for hand signals etc.  The port-hole cabs were gradually replaced by the new type.  The engines which originally had this style of cab were as follows:
2-4-0 Nos. 280-99; 0-6-0 Nos. 474-93; 0-4-2 Nos. 18, 23, 4; 2-2-2 Nos. 6, 22, 4, 41, 21, 14. The first engine with the new style cab was 0-4-2 No. 44 (October 1868).  The next significant change in the style of cab was by Ivatt (1896) when the upper part of the cab was extended back to give more protection for the enginemen.  The first true side window cab was introduced by Gresley (1922).

Brick arch & deflector dwg N26 (21/2/1868)
Boiler dwg N27 (26/3/1868)
Q21 General Plan dwg Q21 (7/1869)

No. 261 SERIES
WORKS LIST H
IVATT CLASS E3

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 24in, Gresley Dgm 4A boiler

Nos. 261/62 were built at Doncaster (7/1871, 11/1871) to the same general details as Nos. 280-99, but with the traditional wrap-over cab.

No. 86 SERIES
WORKS LIST H2
IVATT CLASS E2

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 26in, Gresley Dgm 4A boiler

Cylinders dwg M40 (20/5/1872) No. 11 Pattern for Goods Engines [also used for this batch of 2-4-0s]

Nos. 86/89/84, 90, 540-43, 72, 80, 263, 51, 96/99 were built at Doncaster (5/1874-10/1879).

Tee piece for exhaust pipe Eng. No. 99 dwg I34 (2/7/1879)
Boiler dwg N42 (18/8/1879) "Boiler 4'-5" dia. for Four Coupld 6/6 Passr Engs"
Smokebox dwg I35 (9/10/1879) for 17" x 26" cyl. 6ft-6in Pass. Engs

The inference is that it was intended to fit the last engine of this Series with a 4ft-5in diameter boiler.  There is nothing unusual in the Repairs Book entry about this engine so presumably the scheme was abandoned.

No. 223 SERIES
WORKS LIST H2
IVATT CLASS E2

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 26in, Gresley Dgm 4A boiler

Nos. 223, 97, 207/26/12 were built at Doncaster (7/1880-3/1881).

Boiler dwg N43 (9/1881) "4'-2½" for 6'-6" Passr Engines

This Series introduced the 4ft-2½in diameter boiler to this Class.  There is no earlier dwg for this size of boiler in the Drawing Register, and perhaps the drawing had been prepared in a hurry after shelving the 4ft-5in proposal, and N43 was a redrawing two years later.

No. 208 SERIES
WORKS LIST H3
IVATT CLASS E2

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 26in, Gresley Dgm 4A boiler

Nos. 208/27, 91 were built at Doncaster (5/1881-10/1881).

These were the first 2-4-0s to have plain splashers without slots, though this alone would not justify the introduction of List H3.  The true reason has not been established.

No. 78 SERIES
WORKS LIST H3
IVATT CLASS E2

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 26in, Gresley Dgm 4A boiler

Nos. 78, 88, 201/02, 699, 700 were built at Doncaster (5/1882-4/1883).

Cross stay for valve spindle guide dwg K40 (6/1881)

These engines had valve spindle guides for the piston rods instead of links.

No. 701 SERIES
KITSON
IVATT CLASS E2

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 26in, Gresley Dgm 4A boiler

Nos. 701-06 were built by Kitson (7/1883-9/1883).  The order for fifteen engines (placed with Kitson in November 1881) had specified six for delivery in 1883 and remainder in 1884.

No. 707 SERIES
KITSON
IVATT CLASS E2

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 26in, Gresley Dgm 4A boiler

Nos. 707-15 were built by Kitson (1/1884-3/1884).

These engines had a modified valve gear employing valve spindle guides instead of links for supporting the piston rods.  The drawing had been prepared back in 1881.

No. 751 SERIES
WORKS LIST H4
IVATT CLASS E2

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 26in, Gresley Dgm 4A boiler

Nos. 751-52, 206/09, 753/54, 211/17/24/28/16/25, 755-60 were built at Doncaster (3/1884-6/1887) and had valve spindle guides for the piston rods, as in the above Kitson order for Nos. 707-15.

Nos. 206 onwards had the automatic vacuum brake system fitted when new,

No. 210 SERIES
WORKS LIST H5
IVATT CLASS E2

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 26in, Gresley Dgm 4A boiler

Frames dwg O34 (11/1/1886) "for 6'-6" Passr Engs"
Cylinders dwg M50 (25/8/1888) Fresh dwg for Pattern 11 cylinders "for 6'-6" Pass. Engs"
Cylinders dwg M53 (8/1890) Fresh dwg for "17½" x 26" Cylinders for 6'-6" Engs"

Nos. 210/04, 811-20, 213/14, 79, 87, 861-68/81/82/69/70/83-99, 900/91-99, 1000 were built at Doncaster (10/1888-6/1895).

IVATT

No. 1061 SERIES
WORKS LIST H6
IVATT CLASS E1

6ft-7in wheels, cyls 17½in x 26in, Gresley Dgm 4 boiler, LNER Dgm 11 boiler

Nos. 1061-70 were built at Doncaster (2/1897-4/1897).

Fig. 89
No. 1061 with domed boiler and Stirling-
style safety valves cover

The boiler was Ivatt's "standard", barrel 4ft-5in diameter and 10ft-1in long with a dome, firebox casing 5ft-6in long. The cab had a flat top extended back to give better protection for the crew.  The safety valves were housed within the traditional Stirling brass "trumpet".

REBUILDS OF STIRLING ENGINES

Ivatt gradually fitted domed 4ft-5in diameter boilers to the earlier Stirling engines and in some cases fitted his style of cab. 

Fig. 120
No. 702 with Ivatt boiler, Ivatt-style
safety valves casing and
extended back cab roof

Only one Class E3 (No. 286) was fitted with a domed boiler and this became the solitary Class E4. 

The remainder were Class E2s and they became LNER Class E1.  The last one fitted with a domed boiler was No. 699 (October 1911) at which point Gresley called a halt to further fitting.  The last survivors of the respective classes were withdrawn as follows: Class E4 No. 286 (March 1909); Class E3 No. 294 (April 1912); Class E2 Nos. 208, 816/70/86/96 (December 1913); Class E1 No. 3814 (GNR 814) (November 1927).

LNER

LNER Class E1 at Grouping : 34 in service, last one withdrawn November 1927 (No. 3814).

Preamble,  Plant Works,  A 4-2-2 A 4-6-2B 2-2-2,  C 4-4-2 C 4-4-2T,   D 4-4-0,  F 0-4-2 F 0-4-2T,
G 0-4-4T H 2-6-0J 0-6-0 J 0-6-0ST,  J 0-6-0T,  K 0-8-0,  L 0-8-2T,  MC Motor coach N 0-6-2T
O 2-8-0